PEPs - Clinical Quality and Evidence

Module 2 - Evidence

Evidence-based guidelines

Evidence-based guidelines (EBG) is the practice of EBM at the organisational or institutional level. This includes the production of guidelines, policy, and regulations. This approach has also been called evidence-based healthcare ¹ .  In guidelines and other publications, recommendation for a clinical service is classified by the balance of risk versus benefit of the service and the level of evidence on which this information is based.

The most comprehensive review of how to use evidence comes from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) who have great experience over many years in using evidence to develop guidelines ² .

You should also be aware of SIGN (mentioned above), which develops evidence-based clinical guidelines for the NHS in Scotland ³ .

  1. Gray, J. A. Muir (1997). Evidence-based health care. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 0-443-05721-4
  2. NICE: Guideline Development Methods - Reviewing and grading the evidence
  3. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN)